The value of plants in human life
Huge spaces of Siberia and the Far East are busy with various vegetable cover from representatives of wild flora. On Far North polar deserts with the rare and creeping from cold winds herbs, mosses and lichens are widespread. Then zones of the tundra and the forest-tundra where plants slightly higher and grow more densely last, bushes and curve trees appear.
The considerable territory is occupied by zones of taiga and subtaiga areas. Wide colourful forest-steppes and steppes extend from the Urals to Ob continuous strip, and then, to the east of Yenisei, pressed by forest vegetation, form as if islands between flat taiga and mountain, often cedar woods. And everywhere, in all zones and areas, useful plants - medicinal, food, vitaminonosny, aromatic, technical meet.
The floristic structure of vegetation of Siberia is rich and various. From 17,5 thousand species of the higher plants, in this part of the country not less than one third meets. Though not all representatives of flora are studied, many of them are used in practical activities of the person. The majority of territories is occupied with wild taiga, forest-steppe and steppe plants among which contain more than 1000 types medicinal (from them the scientific medicine has studied about 200), over 200 food and vitamin (vitaminonosny), about 500 fodder and melliferous, and more than 400 technical (among the last there are a lot of essential oil-bearing, tannic, tinctorial).
On share of plants of cultural flora - grain, vegetable, krakhmalonosny, oily, fibrous, melon, fodder and fruit and berry in Siberia no more than 60 types occupying less than 2% of the general territory are necessary.
The practical value of plants in human life is huge. They provide us with bread, vegetable fats, starch, sugar, proteins, vitamins and phytoncides, acids, pitches and tannins, drugs, honey and wax. Thanks to fodder plants of people receives meat, milk, animal fats, cheese, eggs, wool, skin, many preparations for medicine, food and light industry.
The role of technical plants without which it is difficult to provide modern life of human society and development of thousands of necessary objects of daily use - paper, leach, cotton and linen fabrics, construction and finishing materials, furniture, varnish, paints is considerable.
Plants are original "herbs of life" (though there are trees and bushes, grassy perennials and coevals, mosses and lichens, seaweed and mushrooms) and companions of the person without which its existence on the earth is impossible. The mankind is in process of evolutionary development in close connection with plants, at the same time many of them are carriers of biologically active agents promoting improvement of health of the person, strengthening its resistance to adverse conditions of the environment, influencing cardiovascular, brain, nervous, digestive and secretory activity of human organs.
Human life is inconceivable without vegetable food, without impact of vegetable substances on organism of the healthy and sick person.
Despite considerable achievements of chemistry of synthesis (creation) of drugs and on achievements in treatment by antibiotics, about 40% of medical preparations produce from plants. For treatment of many serious illnesses - cardiovascular, warm, liver, kidneys, gastrointestinal - vegetable means play large role.
Vegetable raw materials, timely and correctly prepared and kept, use in the form of powders and broths, infusions, tinctures and extracts, the so-called galenovy and cleared of ballast impurity neogalenical preparations.
From plants at plants allocate chemically pure natural connections - alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, organic acids, tannic and pectinaceous substances, coumarins and furocoumarins, essential and fat oils, terpenic connections, vitamins, gum, to slime, pigments, mineral salts and antibiotics. Nearby time when biochemists learn to extract the necessary phytoncides and other, vital biologically active agents from plants.
The person, living among plants (even the citizen), eating and being treated by them, considerably depends on that environment which is created by surrounding vegetation (amount of oxygen, ozone, negative ions, phytoncides and zoocides). His longevity, working capacity, mood and intellectual emotions depend on quantity and quality of green and not green plants which create surrounding landscape - park, the wood, garden, the river or the lake with water plants, flower bed or window plants.
People long since are willingly treated by plants, admire them, scoop cheerfulness and creative mood in the nature.
To know the plants useful and harmful, to be able to handle them in everyday life, to protect carefully and reasonably to use - important task of each adult, each school student.
Much attention is paid to health protection of people in our country. All variety of the natural world, all achievements of human experience and opening of science, results of selection and improvement of plants on the basis of scientific intervention has to be placed at service to the person. Each person, depending on knowledge of plants, their properties, biology of development, nature of distribution and features of influence, can promote achievement of objectives on improvement of health of the population.
Especially great value in life of the people living in Siberia and in the Far East the plants containing valuable connections - and first of all have different vitamins, flavones, tannin, phytoncides and other biologically active agents.
Considering the increasing value of phytotherapy, and also wide interest in vegetable means, traditional medicine, the author, making use of the saved-up experience and scientific literature, provides the characteristic of the most important and perspective 454 species of wild and cultural plants. Descriptions of plants are located in alphabetical order.
Speaking about curative properties of herbs as allowed by scientific medicine and included in the State pharmacopeia, it is important to emphasize that successful treatment by herbs perhaps only on doctor's orders, made the diagnosis to illness and established dosage of preparations and the mode of treatment.