Value of vegetable food
We have got used that berries and fruit are festive additive to our table. The national kitchen widely used leaves of many plants: currants, raspberries, dogrose, and also leaves of oak, linden and grapes.
Leaves of currant are fragrant, contain vitamins, organic acids, mineral substances, valuable to organism (magnesium, phosphorus, iron, manganese). Tannins and pigments of leaves - the fine clearing means. Broths of leaves replaced tea drink in national kitchen and if leaves to chop and mix with jam, the good sweet additive to tea will turn out. Leaves of currant are suitable also for additive in soup. They well are in harmony to taste with dairy products. If to mix chopped leaves with cottage cheese, to add garlic, the sharp snack will turn out.
Leaves of raspberry are rich with potassium (to 200 mg of %), in them there is also cobalt, manganese, zinc, many vitamins. They can be collected from spring to fall and to use as well as leaves of currant. Broths from leaves - useful and tasty drinks. Crimson leaves are very fragrant (contain essential oils), cut them and add to sweet dishes, and mix of crimson leaves and grated radish with honey - juicy is sweet - spicy additive to tea.
The birch is known to all. There is birch sap in the early spring, and birch leaves such bitterish knitting very few people use in food. The bitterness to them is given by glycosides, and astringent taste - tannins. Leaves are vitamin-rich, organic acids, essential oils. Not without reason from birch branch pleasant aroma proceeds in the spring. Infusions from birch leaves often applied in national kitchen as the clearing drink. If to wash out leaves of birch and on everyone to put cottage cheese, the useful and tasty snack will turn out. Birch leaves together with other wild-growing plants are recommended to be used as additive to garnishes.
Even the provided small list convinces of wild plants how are diverse and useful to our food.
It is characteristic that children who are closer to the nature than adults, pick leaves, flowers, pedicles - and at once in mouth. That it is instinct which forces them to look for and to find what is necessary for organism? Eventually this natural gift, alas, vanishes. In the conditions of modern civilization the organism needs plants, perhaps, even more, than earlier. Working conditions, utilities, household appliances and other achievements of civilization have sharply reduced physical activities. But overloads nervous, source of stresses have increased. Not to leave also from problem of pollution of external environment anywhere. All this creates certain health hazards of the person. One of such dangers - the wrong diet, neglect all what the nature gives.
It is interesting that the monkeys put during experiment in environment quickly have adapted to rich flora. They used about 80 wild-growing plants in food (though have taken monkeys from open-air cages, but instinct to wild-growing plants from them natural). Have entered their menu: leaves and bark of fir-tree, pine, juniper, linden, bird cherry, alder, oak, pine, willow, berry plants, valerian roots, reed, chicory, burdock, burdock, centaureas. As a result of monkey have quickly healed all scratches, have got rid of gipovitaminozny states. The forage of animals taken on the analysis has shown its high biological value. It became clear to scientists that it is all about variety of natural food.
Our far ancestors did not know that such overeating, the organism during evolution is adapted on low-calorie food, and surplus is more harmful than it shortcoming. Therefore it is important to be able to suppress appetite which has taken the fling. Number of fiziologo-biochemical properties of appetite is still unknown to science. The future will show how it is possible to manage it. In the present time there is only one weapon - will, only it can bridle this animal. And here plants come to the rescue. Providing saturation quicker, than animal food, they enrich organism with natural substances which are not in any other food. However, products from them are sometimes less tasty. Unless salad from orach will sustain the competition to shish kebab? But why not to connect useful to pleasant? Well at least to give shish kebab with seasoning from orach.
Let's remember how getting hungry when you on vacation. Hardly the train has departed from the platform, all saloon little tables are filled already up with parcels: hens, fried meat, sausage, fat grades of ham, that is all what is necessary at big and long physical activities. The secret is simple. Food instinct the strongest of all. As soon as we are exempted from daily cares, disorders, stresses, he has an effect though the organism and does not need feedstuffs.
And one more paradox. On vacation it is necessary to reduce the caloric content of diet and in general to make toilet: to go, walk, float, acquire much tan. But unless you will resist temptation if the diet in sanatoria and boarding houses is expected 4000-4500 kcal?! Also prevails in it is mute animal food, fats and carbohydrates. The similar diet is uniform for all: both for the miner, and for the teenager. Also it turns out: one eats all and grows stout, and another not in forces to cope with such quantity of food.
"Savage" at all not in the best situation. In the dining room or cafe he will receive ordinary cutlet with macaroni and any sauce, and from vegetables - only cucumbers or tomatoes salad. Such monotony of the menu appears to our look in the huge territory - from plta to Vladivostok. In fact, all country (irrespective of geographical position, resources, habits, traditions) works according to the uniform "Collection of compoundings for catering establishments". Restaurants, cafe, dining rooms pay the main attention to fried meat dishes, fat and sweet flour confectionery, and, for example, leaves of root crops, wild-growing plants do not even arrive from bases.
In the same situation there are shops of cookery obliged to supply the population with semi-finished products and finished products not only tasty, but also useful. Yes unless you will find the same bunch of orach in such shop? Very seldom semi-finished products correspond to season.
Generally, it is necessary to state with grief: value of vegetable food is underestimated, as a rule, by both workers of public catering, and housewives. Inertia, habit which is supported also by lack of information works. To break the settled stereotype, it is necessary to acquire first of all the principles of healthy nutrition, true value of products, to understand what is, that.