Vegetarianism is partial or full refusal of products which have animal origin.
This principle of food becomes more and more popular and already very widespread in the world, and in our country in particular.
But whether there is truth in these principles, and moreover - advantage? What harm of vegetarianism, what minuses and pluses of vegetarianism.
Food at vegetarianism
At vegetarianism of people uses about 300 types of vegetables, root crops, about 600 types of fruit and about 200 types of nuts. Nuts, bean (especially soy, lentil, haricot, peas), and also spinach, cauliflower, kohlrabi and wheat are sources of protein. Sources of fat are vegetable oils - olive, sunflower, linen, hempy, mustard, coconut, bean, corn, nut, poppy, almond, cotton, etc.
At vegetarianism the following proportions in food are recommended:
- 25% - crude deciduous and root vegetables on season in the form of salads;
- 25% - crude fresh fruit or well soaked dried;
- 25% - the green and root vegetables made on fire;
- 10% are proteins (nuts, cottage cheese, fermented milk products);
- 10% - carbohydrates (all types of groat and grain products, sugar);
- 5% - fats (oil, margarine, vegetable fats).
- Use of seasonings and vinegar is excluded.
For fuller ensuring need for proteins the combination of the following products is recommended:
- rice with bean or sesame;
- wheat with bean, peanut, sesame and soy;
- bean with corn or wheat;
- soy with rice and wheat, with wheat and sesame or with peanut and sesame;
- sesame with bean, with peanut and soy, with soy and wheat;
- peanut with sunflower sunflower seeds.
Types of vegetarianism
There are several gradation of vegetarianism, but the main of them four:
1. Classical vegetarianism - type of food, at which under a ban only fish and meat. But milk, eggs, honey are resolved. Sometimes the reasons of transition to classical vegetarianism are caused not by ideology, but rejection of organism of tastes of any meat products - peculiar type of allergy.
2. Lactovegetarianism - type of food at which honey and milk are resolved. pyets are prohibited, along with meat and fish.
3. Ovo-vegetarianstvo - type of food at which milk is forbidden and honey and eggs, on the contrary, are allowed for the use.
4. Veganism - at such food is it is allowed only the products having plant origin. Mushrooms at the same time are allowed for the use though they have no relation to plants. There are separate subclasses of vegans, for example, syroyeda which eat only food raw thermally, that is in the raw. Or fruktorianets who oppose, in principle, any "murder", that is not only animal, natatorial, etc., but also also plants. Fruktoriantsa eat only fruits of plants: vegetables, fruit, nuts, seeds.
Actually in literature there is no accurate division therefore also subspecies of vegetarianism are very conditional, and vegetarianism pluses often of nenauchna. It is authorized to eat with some schools of vegetarians fish, but it is forbidden to eat meat. And in certain cases the situation in general is absurd - only red meat is forbidden, for example, but at the same time light meat is it is possible.
To make the choice for vegetarianism or not to you, and we will only tell objective minuses of vegetarianism and pluses of vegetarianism, about what vegetarianism harm bears, and than really helps organism. So, vegetarianism - pros and cons.
What is represented by vegetarian power supply system? Vegetarianism is not the modern diet promoting weight loss and improvement of organism, and numbering thousands of years the system meaning full or partial refusal of inclusion in food of products of animal origin.
The term "vegetarianism" into use was entered by British, some scientists believe that this word is formed from Latin "vegetus" - vigorous, strong, full of strength. Members of "The British vegetarian society" in 1842 were convinced that in India the vegetable diet brings undoubted benefit and, propagandizing it in the homeland, have entered the term Homo Vegetus which means harmoniously developed personality. First the word "vegetarian" had rather philosophical character, only eventually it began to indicate the person adhering to vegetable diet.
Vegetarianism means not just certain set of rules of food, and rather living position of the person. Many people who adhere to vegetarian power supply system, spoke out in defense of animals, feeling own participation in the world of wildlife. Buddhists who try not to do harm even to insects adhere to vegetarianism, considering that its murder will have an adverse effect on karma of "murderer". The Vedic culture calling for vegetable diet stands up for life in harmony with the nature and in the world with animals (they against their destruction). Priests in Ancient Egypt did not eat some meat of animals that it did not stir them "magic" abilities. Ancient Greeks also adhered to vegetarianism.
Sacred books of many people comprise instructions on preference of food by vegetable food. So, in the Bible, in the book Life is said that initially people had to eat food of plant origin. In the Koran it is mentioned that it is not necessary to do stomachs by graves for animals.
Myth: Vegetarianism - not for all
There is opinion that vegetarianism does not suit the people living in frigid climate. pvny denial to it is the settlement of vegetarians in Siberia which exists for 17 flyings. The team of doctors has carefully studied state of health of each of members of community. They have noted positive influence of vegetarian way of life on condition of cardiovascular system of organism. Iron and B12 vitamin were in normal quantity in blood.
Researchers have carefully studied diet of this group. Generally they do not use white loaf and fancy bread, instead use black bread of own preparation. Among grain millet, buckwheat and rice are priority, oat, yachnevy or pearl-barley porridges are less often eaten.
Most of members of the settlement do not eat pasta, vegetable oil. If oil, then it either olive, or sunflower is used. All respondents use lentil, soy, peas and haricot.
The use of vegetables and fruit at this group depends on season. At usual diet there are always carrots, cabbage, garlic, onions, potatoes, pumpkin, turnip. In the period of season fennel, celery, green onions, mint, cilantro, ramson, nettle, bilberry, strawberry, pears, plums, dandelion are added. The diet is also rich with dried fruits.
It is considered that to such vegetarians to fill forces, it is necessary to eat for days on end. However even in cold regions, in it there is no need. The matter is that products of plant origin in small portions give to organism all necessary substances for providing the correct metabolism.
As vegetables and fruit are acquired better, the organism spends less energy for digestion process.
So, vegetarianism is useful not only for living in warm regions. At healthy nutrition it will be useful and in northern latitudes.
By some calculations on our planet eight hundred million vegetarians live. About that, vegetarianism of talk is how useful much. However this image of food has also minuses. The most important lack of the vegetarian menu is its imbalance on the main nutrients. In diet of adherents of this image of food carbohydrates prevail, but in it there are not enough protein and fats which are necessary to organism too.
Many vegetarians say that they with success replace animal protein vegetable. But it not absolutely is true. First of all vegetable protein is acquired much worse, than animal. So, from bean plants no more than thirty percent of protein are acquired. Besides, vegetable protein does not contain all useful amino acids which are necessary to organism and which we receive from meat.
Except protein at meat there are also other necessary substances, for example, iron. Eating with tons of apples and pomegranates will not be filled by shortages of iron in organism as it does meat. Therefore vegetarians quite often have anemia. Besides, in diet of vegetarians B12 vitamin does not suffice. This vitamin is not produced in tissues of human body, but if it is not enough in diet, the nervous terminations begin to collapse, cages are badly recovered. This vitamin contains in seafood, meat, offal, cheeses and dairy products.
Besides, the vegetarian diet does not include the products containing vitamin D at all. Shortage of this vitamin at children leads to rickets, and at adults to osteoporosis, destruction of teeth and other unpleasant phenomena. And one more vitamin which in vegetable food is B2 or Riboflavinum few. There is this important vitamin B eggs, offal and dairy products. If it is not enough, the person has dizziness, it has wounds on mucous membranes, it faded and cannot fruitfully work. In small quantities this vitamin is produced by the microbes living in intestines.
And for this reason doctors categorically do not recommend this image of food to children and teenagers. The vegetarian diet leads to weakening of protective forces of organism as in vegetable food there are no many vitamins, necessary for life of organism, minerals and other substances. In this regard the most acceptable for health of the person is vegetarianism at which it is allowed to eat eggs, dairy products and fish.
Advice to the beginning vegetarians
It is desirable for that who has consciously chosen for himself vegetarian diet to adhere to the following recommendations:
☀ to Remember that vegetarianism orders not only to exclude some products from diet, but also to lead healthy lifestyle - to refuse smoking and alcohol, not to use drugs.
☀ not to close the meat "gap" formed in the menu high-calorific vegetable food (bean, nuts, honey) in large number, differently not to avoid increase in weight.
☀ it is regular to accept polyvitaminic preparations with the high content of B12 and D vitamins.
☀ For completion of deficit of calcium and iron to include in diet bean, nuts, mushrooms, vegetables of green color, buckwheat, to drink fresh orange juice and soy milk. These products rich with protein, vitamins and mineral substances will allow to replace to some extent meat, fish, dairy products.
☀ As the vegetable food (except for bean cultures) is digested quicker, is gradually, but bowl.
☀ to cook Vegetable and fruit salads just before the use - so in them vitamins remain better.
☀ to Diversify the menu: data of diet to one or two (even very useful) to products will surely lead to problems with health.