Value of regular meal
Preparation of digestive organs for digestion of nutrients begins with emergence of feeling of hunger. It arises twice. In the beginning it is caused by nervous impulses from empty stomach which come to the central nervous system after transition of the last portions of food gruel to duodenum. At this time in intestines there is the most intensive digestion, absorption of feedstuffs in blood from where they pass into fabrics. Thus, the person begins to feel appetite already when in blood still there are many nutrients. This useful adaptive mechanism has arisen in the course of evolution. Such signal (we will call it "the first signal of hunger", or appetite) induced the person as well as animals to get and eat food while in organism still there is reserve of nutrients.
If the person has got used to eat on the first signal of hunger, then in this case sense of fulness comes right after filling of stomach small amount of food. And until fabrics eat at the expense of the previous meal (for example, breakfast), the food which has come to stomach during lunch will manage to pass necessary processing in stomach, and the new portion of food gruel will come to duodenum, the next portion of nutrients will be soaked up in blood, and uninterrupted food of cages and fabrics will be provided. Meal on the first signal of hunger is followed by release of all necessary digestive juice: saliva, gastric and pancreatic juice, bile and intestinal juice.
If the person suppresses the first signal of hunger, then this feeling passes, and he will gradually get used not to pay attention to this signal. As a result the first signal of hunger becomes more and more unstable and after some time can slow down in general.
The second signal of hunger comes to the central nervous system from "hungry" blood after nutrients have passed from it into cages and body tissues. This signal is very resistant, the person reacts to it persistent search of food and, despite all affairs, finds time to eat. However, if after food on the first signal of hunger sense of fulness comes along with filling of stomach (reflex, in connection with irritation of the nervous cages sensitive to stretching of walls of stomach), then after food on the second signal of hunger the feeling of satiety after moderate filling of stomach will appear not at once, and only after saturation of blood and fabrics nutrients as blood in this case still remains "hungry". The feeling of hunger will disappear only in 2-3 h after meal. As a result of people loses sense of proportion in food in spite of the fact that the stomach is filled and his receptors are irritated because their signals are weaker, than signals of "hungry" blood. So there is habit to overeating, to overflow of stomach. Muscular walls of stomach stretch, its volume increases.
Becomes clear why it is necessary to accustom to eat according to the first requirement, on the first signal of hunger, postponing all affairs and to watch to overeating and to overflow stomach. If circumstances have led to what manages to be eaten only on the second signal of hunger, then it is necessary to eat usual quantity of food and not to expect feeling of satiety at table - it will appear later.
If because of chaotic food the first feeling of hunger ceases to be felt, it is necessary to try to recover it, i.e. to eat at the same one o'clock in the afternoon of the house and at work, and also during issue. It is the most reliable prevention of obesity.
During meal it is necessary to remember that its digestion begins in oral cavity. We already said that enzymes of saliva split carbohydrates, and teeth crush food and thus prepare its full contact not only with saliva, but also with gastric juice. If the food is badly chewed, digestion in stomach is late. It is observed at overeating, meal in condition of fatigue, at feverish and some other diseases, and also in the absence of appetite, caused by concern, concern, fear, anger and other negative emotions. All these states cause delay or full braking of salivation, secretory activity of stomach and intestines. At decomposition, rotting and fermentation of food masses in cavity of stomach gases are formed, bad smell from mouth, eructation "rotten egg", heartburn, feeling of weight and raspiraniye in the pit of the stomach develop.
The stomach overflowed with the food masses and gases presses from below on diaphragm and hinders its natural respiratory movements. Lowering of dome of diaphragm is at a loss, and it is reflected in breath depth - the breath is taken by more superficial, and premises for development of developments of stagnation in the lower shares of lungs and in liver are created.
The plentiful food is especially harmful before going to bed as the crowded stomach presses on lungs and heart, complicates their work sometimes so that serves at patients with the reason of call of ambulance at night. Most often such cases occur after holiday table or owing to addiction to eat the main portion of daily diet in the evening after work. If besides the person has got used to eat quickly, then is imperceptible, but obesity with all that it implies inevitably develops.
Especially harmfully is seldom and in large quantities. At two times food before the second (vespers) food hungry blood, and in stomach large pieces of the food which is badly chewed, hastily eaten in the first half of day lie and bulk up sometimes in addition, there are processes of fermentation of carbohydrates, rotting of proteins, and the stomach is again filled with food during plentiful lunch dinner. Special animal experiments have shown that more rare feeding increases education in cholesterol organism, but also, increases ability of some food to turn into fat. It is widely known that atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, obesity, predisposition to diabetes meet considerably more often at people who have got used to eat food seldom and in large numbers. It is necessary to eat food not less than 3-4 times a day in the same hours, and the last food has to be for 1,5-2 h to night dream, and, above all - not to overflow stomach.
Frequent meal most naturally stimulates work of gastric glands and prevents stagnation in gall bladder as bile is emitted reflex during food.
At tendency to meteorizm within about two weeks apply diet, protein-rich, with sharp restriction of sugar, sweet fruit and berries (to suppression of fermentative processes). On the 3rd week include vegetable juice in the food mode (carrot, tomato), then crude vegetables salads.
At putrefactive processes (eructation "rotten egg"), on the contrary, sweet fruit (in the first days purely apple diet is recommended) are useful, within two weeks the proteinaceous food is excluded. Then cottage cheese, low-fat chicken meat, fish are entered into diet.
One of two ways can avoid Meteorizm by means of periodic reception of garlic:
1) garlic segment small to chop, pound and accept as medicine before going to bed;
2) to draw three segments of garlic, previously having chopped them, having pounded and having filled in with glass of water for days, to drink before going to bed 50 ml of garlick infusion. It is necessary to do this or that 1-2 times a week. Garlic contains special substances - the phytoncides which are perniciously influencing the microbes causing fermentation and rotting. Besides, garlic possesses irritant action on mucous membrane of intestines thanks to what it strengthens department of digestive juice and activates peristaltics.
Improper feeding in combination with slow-moving way of life often leads to locks. It is promoted also by addiction to suppress desire to defecation (in connection with conditions of office activity or because of false shame before people around that is usually peculiar to teenagers and young people). Application of depletive or cleaning enemas is quite widespread in these cases. Long use of these means is not indifferent for organism, besides eventually there is habit to drugs and enemas therefore more and more strong influences for achievement of the necessary effect are required.
First of all it is necessary to pay attention to diet. The products operating as chemical and mechanical irritants of intestines and strengthening its motive function have to enter diet. These are first of all the products rich with vegetable cellulose which is the physiological activator of motor activity of intestines.
The diet for the purpose of prevention of lock has to include as much as possible vegetables (crude carrots, cabbage, swede, boiled beet, green onions, sauerkraut), fruit, dried fruits (fig, prunes), and also nuts, honey, lactic products (fermented baked milk, curdled milk, kefir), vegetable oil, oat flakes, buckwheat and pearl-barley porridges, rye bread.
For activation of activity of intestines value and temperature of food has. Cold dishes cause stronger peristaltics, than warm. Therefore in addition to diet it is useful to take cold drinks (16-20 °C) in the morning on an empty stomach. It is recommended to drink glass of unboiled water of room temperature, it is possible to dissolve in it teaspoon of honey or the night before to fill in with abrupt boiled water prunes and to drink this infusion in the morning. All these liquids are not late in stomach and quickly pass into intestines that promotes its timely emptying.
Physiological irritant of intestines is the sea cabbage. It exerts beneficial effect at lock thanks to big ability to swelling and high content in it mineral salts. The dry sea cabbage is used in the form of seeds or small cut leaves in number from 1 to 3 teaspoons a day. Before food they are killed in small amount of water or milk and after swelling they are eaten together with liquid.
Special "jam" from locks is very effective. It prepares as follows: to take 250 g of fig, dried apricots and prunes, to soak, remove stones: (approximately the fifth from above) or 200 g of the Alexandria leaf to turn one leaf of aloe via the meat grinder together with the soaked berries, to add 250 g of honey, to mix all. To accept preventively on 1 tablespoon in half of glass of water before going to bed; as remedy - three times a day after food. The prevention of locks at the same time is also prevention of hemorrhoids.
Soft massage of abdominal organs by means of special movements of belly wall and diaphragm is useful. At the same time blood circulation in stomach, liver, intestines improves, outflow of bile from gall bladder is facilitated. In the beginning it is necessary to do no more than 3-4 massage movements, gradually increasing their number to 9 not to cause feeling of fatigue and pain.
Exercise 1. To make breath, after exhalation during respiratory pause smoothly, but rather strongly to pull in stomach into account from 1 to 3, then to relax stomach muscles.
Exercise 2. To make breath, after exhalation during pause "to inflate" stomach into account 1, 2, 3. Then to relax stomach muscles.
Exercise 3. To make breath, to hold the breath (the diaphragm strains and flattened at this time), to take breath as if "in stomach", at the same time the belly wall slightly is given forward. During pause "to inflate" stomach (into 3 accounts), then at once to relax muscles and to slowly pull in stomach also into 3 accounts. In conclusion to make exhalation and again to relax stomach muscles.