Answers to questions of food and food
Whether "thawed" water and the distilled water is useful?
"Thawed" water on the food properties does not differ from usual water. In it there are slightly less mineral substances, than in tap water. Even less mineral substances contains in the distilled water (practically they are not there). As usual water partially satisfies need of organism for mineral substances, replacement its distilled can reflect adversely on health.
Whether there is some special "live" energy in crude products?
"Live" energy which can be found or measured by modern methods in crude products is not revealed. Animals who eat crude food have no biological advantages before the people eating generally boiled food. On the contrary, the boiled food is acquired by human body and animals more than crude.
Why at identical food and identical work one people get fat, and others grow thin?
It the phenomenon is most often connected with the fact that the first (which get fat) are much less mobile in life. In some cases adaptation to excess food, more perfect at those who do not get fat can play essential role. It is necessary to remember, however, that adaptation ability to remain harmonous, despite overconsumption of food, can disappear with age.
Whether it is possible to drink not boiled water?
Not boiled water from open sources (the lake, the river, well) can become the reason of sharp gastrointestinal diseases. Not boiled tap water can be used as its quality is controlled. At the same time it is better to merge the first portions of water from the crane.
When it is better to drink tea - to or after food?
It is more preferable to drink tea after food.
Than meat is useful?
Meat is useful as source of full-fledged protein, number of vitamins and mineral substances. At some diseases of kidneys protein restriction (both animal, and plant origin) in diet is shown. In this case also meat is limited. Fried meat is not recommended at number of diseases of stomach, liver, pancreas, at metabolic disorders, and also to all people of advanced age.
To whom are eggs contraindicated?
Because of the high content of cholesterol in yolk of egg are contraindicated to patients with the high content of cholesterol in blood serum and also having chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis.
Whether fish is useful?
Fish, especially low-fat types, - source of full-fledged protein, number of vitamins and mineral substances, and also the lipotropic factors having favorable effect at diseases of liver, pancreas, atherosclerosis.
In what advantage of milk and dairy products?
Milk, kefir and cottage cheese are useful healthy and to most of sick people. Milk is badly transferred only by some people: at one in digestive tract activity of enzyme of the lactase splitting lactose - milk sugar is reduced, milk causes displays of food allergy in others.
Dairy products - source of full-fledged protein, number of vitamins, mineral substances. In them the ratio of calcium and phosphorus is especially favorable. Butter has to be limited in diet of people with the high content of lipids, in particular cholesterol, in blood.
What porridges it is the most useful?
Oat and buckwheat porridges are most useful. Both healthy, and sick people can use them. In some cases (at some stomach diseases and intestines) it is reasonable to use them in the wiped look. In baby and dietary food also other porridges - semolina, pearl-barley, millet are used.
Whether chocolate has useful properties? Really it contains only "empty calories"?
It is impossible to consider that chocolate contains only "empty calories". Chocolate is the high-calorific product containing large amount of fat and carbohydrates (respectively 35 and 47 grams in 100 grams), but also, quantity of vitamins and mineral substances.
It can be useful at considerable physical activities when it is necessary to recover quickly power expenses (athletes, climbers, geologists). However in usual conditions it is necessary to abstain from the excessive use of chocolate. Especially it concerns to children who at frequent consumption of candies and chocolate have caries of teeth. At adults teeth are also subject to adverse action of sweets, though in a little smaller degree, than at children.
What of vegetable oils it is the most useful?
Vegetable oils (sunflower, corn) are used in dietotherapy at treatment of number of diseases (atherosclerosis, dyskinesia of bilious ways, chronic colitis). The most useful is sunflower oil as it contains many irreplaceable linolic acid and vitamin E. However the day norm of vegetable oil should not exceed 15-25 grams, i.e. about 1/2 total quantities of fat in food. There are no contraindications for the use of vegetable oils, but there are cases of their intolerance.
What juice the most useful?
It is useful for both healthy, and sick people to use fruit and vegetable juice. The exception makes grape juice which, first, contains many simple carbohydrates (glucose), and secondly, can promote strengthening of fermentative processes in intestines and cause meteorizm.
At what diseases tomatoes, carrots and cabbage are harmful?
At sharp gastroenteritis crude vegetables and fruit should be excluded from diet. The cabbage is not recommended to patients with stomach ulcer of stomach and duodenum.
Whether fresh juice from crude potatoes is useful?
Juice from crude potatoes is applied in dietetics at treatment of stomach ulcer, gastritis. However it has the expressed aperient effect, and it is necessary to apply it only according to the recommendation of the attending physician.
Whether fresh juice from crude cabbage is useful?
Juice from crude cabbage is applied in dietetics at treatment of stomach ulcer as it contains biologically active agent possessing antiulcerous action. However it has sokogonny and aperient effect, and it is necessary to apply it only according to the recommendation of the attending physician.
What features of food of elderly people? What does it recommend to eat also what is forbidden?
People of advanced age are recommended to reduce the general caloric content of diet, to limit the use of fats of animal origin (pork, beef, mutton fat, butter, cream, sour cream), sweets (chocolate, candies, jam), products containing cholesterol (liver, brains, calves, red fish, eggs), it is obligatory to enter 30-40 g of vegetable oil, enough vegetables and fruit into the diet. Elderly people should not use salty, hot dishes, seasonings, it is necessary to try to limit amount of salt in food. Liquid should be used in limited quantity, no more than 1 liter a day. It is necessary to pay attention and to diet: there has to be 4-5-times food, small portions, with the last meal in 1,5-2 hours prior to dream.
Whether it is possible to store meat and fish products in freezing department of the refrigerator in plastic bags?
Yes, it is possible if packages of food appointment. However it is necessary to consider that polyethylene poorly passes the water vapor and other connections which are formed at storage. As a result meat and fish products can get unpleasant smell. It is the best of all to store these products in the refrigerator freezer in aluminum foil, parchment (but at all not in tracing-paper) or in dense paper. In this case necessary gas-water permeability is provided.
Whether birch sap is useful?
Birch sap contains about 2% of sucrose, traces of proteins, mineral substances and malic acid.
Vitamins B it is mute completely are absent. The nutrition value of birch sap extremely low, it is defined only by sugar presence.
Whether it is possible to cook jam on xylitol or sorbite?
No, it is impossible as the received liquid will not thicken. Xylitol and sorbite possess the weak preserving properties therefore products with addition of xylitol and sorbite are not subject to long storage.
Than it is useful and than coffee is harmful?
Thanks to presence at coffee of specific alkaloid - caffeine and some other alkaloids drink from it excites activity of nervous, cardiovascular systems and some others. Proteins, fats, carbohydrates from coffee contain in drink a little if, of course, are not added to it sugar, cream or milk. Coffee should be drunk in limited quantities. The matter is that the alkaloids which are contained in coffee adversely affect human body at hypertension, heart diseases and other cardiovascular diseases. Coffee at stomach ulcer, gastritis, hypererethism of nervous system, sleeplessness is contraindicated.
Than it is useful and than tea is harmful?
Tea contains the polyphenols possessing R-vitamin action and some microelements, for example fluorine. Caloric content of tea is caused mainly added to it by sugar, milk or cream. Tea contains the substances operating excitingly on nervous system. Therefore strong tea is not recommended to be drunk for the night.
Whether coffee and tea with milk are useful?
Are useful. Proteins of milk besides that they have high biological value, to some extent reduce negative effect of alkaloids, including caffeine, on cardiovascular and central nervous systems.
Whether it is possible to use hot tap water for cooking?
There are no harmful substances in it, however for cooking it is not recommended to use it nevertheless as it is exposed to special processing (to softening, magnetic processing) which can affect tastes of the prepared dishes.
Than sparkling water in comparison with ordinary water is useful?
Water saturation by carbon dioxide accelerates its absorption therefore thirst is quicker satisfied. But the basic reason of gassing of water and drinks is that carbon dioxide affects bacteriostatically some species of microorganisms. Thanks to it drinks remain transparent longer. However small children cannot be fond of sparkling water.
How to drink water in campaigns?
Best of all on parking. During the movement it is possible to rinse mouth water and to drink 2-3 drinks. During the short-term parking it is necessary to drink (and that a little) not at once, and in 5-10 minutes after the body cools down, differently the drunk liquid will instantly be removed through skin in the form of strong perspiration. Cold water satisfies thirst, than warm or hot tea worse. Therefore it is recommended to take in campaign with itself thermos (or flask with felt cover) with hot tea.
Whether it is possible to drink water during food?
If you eat cold food (sandwiches, pies, cookies), then it is desirable; if in your menu there is liquid dish (soup, tea, compote), then it is absolutely optional. It is not recommended to drink cold water after reception of greasy food, it can cause stomach pains and even disorder of intestines. After greasy food it is the best of all to drink hot tea.
Whether crude meat is useful to eat?
No. First, it is digested in stomach worse, than boiled. Secondly, at face and cutting of ink pathogenic microorganisms therefore meat (and fish) needs to be subjected to thermal treatment can get to meat.
Whether grain of the sprouted wheat is useful?
The surface of grain is often contaminated by foreign substances and microorganisms. When receiving flour and grain of cover of grains go to bran. However, at the same time quantity of vitamins and microelements is lost. However for the purpose of hygienic safety to use in food the sprouted wheat grains, as well as other grain crops (rye, barley), it is not recommended especially as no miracle properties at the sprouted grain are revealed. Of course, the cover of grain contains a lot of cellulose which promotes intestines peristaltics, but no particular advantages before bread from the whole grain or bread from rough grades of flour of grain of the sprouted wheat are had.
Whether apple cider vinegar is useful?
pblochny vinegar has peculiar aroma and taste. Usually it is used as seasoning to food or for preparation of marinades. The acetic acid which is its part perniciously affects some types of the pathogenic and causing damage products of microorganisms. The data confirming curative properties of apple cider vinegar, food specialists have no. It is only possible to speak about its relative harmlessness for health. People with the increased acidity of gastric juice are not recommended to use this vinegar as differently acidity can increase even more.
Whether there are incompatible products?
From the point of view of nutrition value there is practically no incompatible foodstuff. On the contrary, many traditional national dishes representing mix of products, for example porridge with milk, meat with potatoes, milk with bread from the point of view of the theory of the balanced food are useful that the products which are their part mutually enrich each other. However from the point of view of taste not any combination of products is acceptable for different people. We do not think that much would like pickles with jam or potatoes with sugar. However, tastes differ, this business of traditions and habits. But it is not necessary to confuse incompatibility of products with intolerance of products: some people do not transfer milk, black bread, raspberry.
What reasons of disorder of intestines?
In one cases the infectious disease, in others - intolerance of this or that foodstuff can be the cause. Only the doctor can distinguish these reasons. Signs (but not only) infectious diarrhea are the fever, temperature increase.
The reasons of noninfectious frustration can be the most different:
1. The use of large number of fat dishes (fat meat, fish, fat sauce, gravy, cream cakes) if the person has not got used to their continuous consumption (for example, after fat holiday table). It is not accidental for disposal of locks doctors recommend to accept vegetable oils (for example, castoric).
2. The use of large amount of the cellulose (vegetables, fruit) promoting intestines peristaltics.
3. Allergy to this or that type of product (milk, kvass, some berries and fruit).
How to treat disorders of intestines?
If the frustration reason infectious, then can make recommendations only the doctor. If noninfectious, then it is necessary to exclude the suspected products from diet (or product). Anyway it is necessary to sustain 1-2 days the sparing diet, to limit itself to strong tea without sugar, the simple crackers, porridges having cellulose minimum (rice, semolina), made on water and also mashed potatoes without oil. Certainly, all this in small amounts. Also use in food of the broths rich with the tannins possessing the knitting properties, for example broth of bilberry, red currant, oak bark helps. If the taken measures within 1-2 days do not help, it is necessary to see doctor immediately.
How to eat full?
It is necessary to exclude sweets completely. The sugar which is contained in them is the carrier of "empty calories" and to a large extent promotes fat accumulation. Besides, at corpulent people sugar often stimulates appetite (contrary to opinion of those who think that it saturates).
It is necessary to exclude porridge and pasta from the menu, to limit fats, especially animal. Vegetable fats have to make not less than 30% of total quantity of fat. Proteinaceous products (meat, fish, eggs) are resolved, but in small amount, it is desirable in boiled look. The following vegetables are recommended: cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, vegetable marrows, pumpkin. Potatoes containing a lot of starch should be limited.
Some unsweetened fruit (apples sweet-sour) and berries (gooseberry, currant) are recommended.
Whether it is possible for persons interested to grow thin in large numbers there are fruit and fruits (water-melons, melons, pears, apples, tomatoes)?
No. In everything the moderation is necessary. Let's remind that in 100 g of edible part of water-melon 8,8 grams of assimilable carbohydrates, contain in melon - 9,1, pear - 9,5, apple - 9,8 and in tomatoes - 4,6 grams of carbohydrates. And carbohydrates in the above-stated vegetables are provided mono - and disaccharides which are easily acquired. These carbohydrates at consumption them in large numbers can cause adjournment of fat in fatty cages. Calculations show that on average in size water-melon (1,5-2 kilograms) 50-70 grams of simple sugars, i.e. as much, how many in 100 g of candies or gingerbreads contain. Therefore we advise persons interested to grow thin not to be fond of sweet fruit and vegetables.
Whether the people wishing to grow thin completely correctly arrive refusing bread, garnishes, candies?
These people do not absolutely right thing. In principle the people having obesity and aiming to dump excess weight can not refuse completely bread and garnishes. However during decrease in weight the products containing carbohydrates and vegetable fats are recommended to be consumed in reduced (by 1,5-2 times against usual) quantities.
How to eat thin?
If it not consequence of illness, then, first, it is necessary to set diet at which it is necessary to accept food 3 times a day at the same time. It promotes development of conditioned reflex for the period of meal and peculiar mobilization of digestive tract for digestion and assimilation. Secondly, any food should be begun with vegetable snack which increase appetite. Thirdly, it is necessary to diversify as much as possible food - to use the most different foodstuff. Fourthly, it is necessary to go in constantly for physical culture, easy physical activity. Physical activity causes certain increase in power consumption, but in bigger degree increases appetite. As a result the person has requirement to eat more, than is spent energy.
How to eat working in night shift?
For working in night shift such diet at which the following distribution of feedstuffs to separate meals on caloric content is reached is recommended: lunch - 35-40%, dinner - 35-40%, night meal - 20-25%. Morning meal is absent as working at night at this time sleep. Night meal has to consist of three dishes, and first courses are recommended to be cooked on the bone broth containing extractive substances which excite secretion of gastric juice. For second courses it is reasonable to use low-fat meat and fish with difficult garnishes from vegetables which possess sokogonny action that is important at night.
When it is better to accept vitamins?
It is better to accept preparations of fat-soluble vitamins during food or right after it, water-soluble vitamins and complex vitamin preparations - after meal.
How it is long possible to store grain and flour houses?
It is possible to store such grain as porridge, the oat-flakes, unground buckwheat and millet containing relatively a lot of fat no more than four months. Semolina and rice, and also flour can be stored about six months. At the same time it is necessary to watch constantly whether harmful insects have appeared in them.
How it is often possible to arrange unloading diet (milk, cottage cheese, vegetable, apple) to persons interested to grow thin?
One - at most two times a week. At the same time it is desirable in day off or on the weekend when physical activity is reduced.
What bread is more useful: fresh or stale?
Slightly hardened (about one days) bread becomes impregnated with saliva and digestive juice better and quicker is digested. Therefore it is recommended at some diseases of stomach, intestines, liver. For the healthy person - this matter of taste.
Whether there is food from which get fat?
There is no such food. But any food, even fruit, eaten much, can lead to increase in body weight. On the other hand, the person interested sometimes grow thin can afford cake if it is not followed by another.