Cleaning breath - Nadia Sodkhana
Yogina say that we have not only physical, but also pranichesky body. This "body" represents set of thin energy (nervous and other nature) influencing our physical body. The Pranichesky body is "the vital force".
It is possible to offer the next image. Let's compare ourselves, for example, to the submarine. Physical body of the submarine is the body, cars, etc., her pranichesky body electric energy which goes on wires from the central point to different departments of the boat where exercises control and control of all onboard devices, devices, mechanisms is. Just as in the boat the electric power moves on cables and wires, pranichesky energy of our body moves not accidentally, and on certain channels. And in the same way as electricity it is not necessary to confuse to wires, the energy circulating in our body - prana, - it is not necessary to mix with canals across which it passes, - Nadia (sanskr. नाडी, ngm — the channel, tube, vein, pulse).
What is Nadia?
According to yogichesky anatomy, our body is penetrated by extensive network from 72000 Nadia (that in literal translation "tube" means), according to whom pranichesky energy flows.
Some authors identify Nadia with physical nerves; others claim that these conductors, being extremely slender and, thus, are unavailable to our sense organs, nevertheless, are material. Defenders of the theory of Nadia nerves note that ancient classical treatises describe Nadia as the tubes consisting of three layers: internal (Sir), average (Damani) and external (Nadia), and, apparently, the name of the last layer serves also for designation of all body in general. At the same time it is known that nerves, as well as electric wires, have structure, similar from Nadia, - they are placed in cover.
Yogina claim that Nadia's most at the ordinary person "are littered", closed for penetration of Prana into them; it is any reason of "distortions" of pranichesky circulation in organism. And as Prana - the main engine of our physical and intellectual life, similar situation involves different psychophysiological violations. Therefore one of priorities of Yoga is ensuring free circulation of pranichesky energy.
Ida and Pingala
Distinguish from thin pranichesky conductors of yogina two main, called Ida and Pingala. In more detail we will talk about them further and we will not go into detail yet. To us will be to learn enough that Ida is conductor of energy which "entrance" is in the left nostril, and Pingala - the same conductor, but with entrance in the right nostril. Beginning in nostrils, channels of these of Nadia fall down both parties from backbone. According to some yogichesky traditions Ida and Pingala on the course of the descent to the basis of backbone are several times gushed over. Each of these two Nadia plays the special role, they are not interchanged. It is necessary that both of them have been open and "cleaned". That is why before Pranayama's exercises it is necessary to do washing of nose (Nettie) about which we already spoke.
Despite such washing often it is found out that one nostril continues to remain put. In general this normal phenomenon. Being keen observers, yogina were noticed that put there is not the same nostril, but every time another, and they replace each other automatically, with interval about two hours. Our medicine is also familiar with the similar phenomenon called "the alternating rhinitis" (cold). This alternation in more or less pronounced form happens over all day and depends on condition of liver, and also on the general vital balance. Such alternating rhinitis represents simply painfully aggravated natural phenomenon which we usually do not notice.
Even in the absence of obvious obstruction, one nostril is always more free, than another. To learn what of them is more free, at present, it is possible to use the same way which was applied to determination of length of breath.
How to clean nostrils
For those cases when it is not about mechanical obstruction - serious cases of curvature of nasal partition, polyps, and also slime which should be removed by means of Nettie - there is set of the yogichesky ways "unblockings" of nose. For the purpose of practical application the nobility two or three of them is enough.
If the left nostril is stuffed up, then it is necessary to lay down on the right side and to relax. After a while (1-3 min.) you will feel that the nostril is released, and air begins to pass freely; the second nostril at the same time is not blocked. Having concentrated attention on the corked nostril, it is possible to accelerate blood outflow process considerably. Let's notice to campaign that Ida is lunar, refreshing nostril, and Pingala - solar warming. According to yogichesky tradition, it is recommended to breathe the right nostril, Pingaly at night, for this purpose it is necessary to sleep on the left side. Many do not decide to do it, being afraid "to squeeze" heart. But their fears are groundless as heart occupies in thorax in general the central position. Svami Shivananda spoke except that in such situation the food and as he also was doctor is digested much better, hardly it became is so lightweight to insist on similar statements if they have not been checked practically.
The equipment of the Indian yogin surely includes short wooden staff (Yogadanda) terminating above in small fork. To release nostril, yogin leans on Yogadanda's fork to opposite this nostril armpit, putting upon it quite considerable pressure within several seconds. It is quite enough. If you have no such tool, you with success can use chair back. The exact place of application of force is found easily as it is much more sensitive, than others.
Classical and most effective remedy of clarification of Nadia is Nadia Sodkhana Pranayama. This alternating breath WITHOUT its delay which problem consists in equilibration of the pranichesky flow passing through both nostrils. Ultimate goal of Nadia Sodkhana Pranayama is clarification of all network of Nadia. Without such clarification any exercises of Pranayama lose kind share of the efficiency.
It is not obligatory that at the beginning of Nadia Sodkhana the air flows following from both nostrils were strictly identical. Performance of exercise can prevent only considerable blocking of one of nostrils; in this case it is necessary to release previously stuffed-up nostril by means of one of the above described ways. So, before to start to actually Nadia Sodkhane, it is necessary to learn to deblock nostrils; when it is reached, it is necessary to learn to block correctly them, the alternating breath is carried out by means of serial blocking of each of nostrils.
Let's begin with position of fingers. Open the right palm, and then press to it index and average fingers. The thumb will serve you for closing of the right nostril, and anonymous and little finger - left.
In order that blocking of nostrils was correct, the arrangement of fingers on nose has to be correct. It is defined as follows. Put fingers in the specified way and place them on nose by nose bridge. Then slowly you slide fingers along nasal bone down. When fingers reach edge of bone, they will meet soft tissue of wings of nose which, giving in to the minimum pressing, closes pass for air. In this place it is also necessary to put the alternate pressure upon nose during exercise.
Important note: it is necessary to touch nose only by soft parts of fingers, but not nails at all.
Now it is possible to begin exercise. Position of body usual - straight line backbone, pose convenient and weakened. Concentrate.
- Slowly and deeply exhale, without closing nostrils, but having been going to do it.
- Slowly and quietly inhale the left nostril, having closed right thumb.
- At the end of breath close both nostrils, blocking breath within one or two seconds, no more.
- The left nostril is still blocked, exhale the right nostril up to the end as it is possible more silently.
- Clamp both nostrils, sustain second, then release the left nostril and exhale through it - slowly and deeply.
- At once after exhalation inhale through the same nostril again and so on.
In brief exercise looks as follows:
- exhalation left nostril
- breath left nostril
- exhalation right nostril
- breath right nostril
- exhalation left nostril
- breath left nostril
In the beginning your attention will be connected by position of fingers, alternation of nostrils, etc. However the fact that it seems difficult in the beginning soon becomes simple and logical. When to us any more need does not pay attention to fingers, concentrate on passing of air in nostrils and, as required, create at the same time image of prana as it has been specified earlier (heat, light).
Both morning and evening are suitable for Nadia Sodkhana. However it is never necessary to carry out it at once after food; it is necessary to wait, at least, half an hour.
At desire you can carry out the real exercise so much how many it is pleasant to you; the main thing that at the same time there was no feeling of fatigue. Not lungs, but hand and mind get tired here.
That the hand not so quickly was tired, press it to breast. Shortly you will find the most advantageous position of hand which allows you to practice Nadia Sodkhanu without fatigue.
If in two or three minutes of exercise you feel that you warmed face, then it is sign that there was stimulation of cellular respiration, that is one of the exercise purposes is reached - the recharge of cellular "batteries" is fresher prana.
Regular practice of this Pranayama clears Nadia in several weeks.
Ratio of breath and exhalation
In the beginning it is not necessary to establish any certain proportions between breath and exhalation; you watch only that breath was slowed down. After a while, when exercise will become you well familiar, equalize length of breath and exhalation.
Persistently be engaged Nadia Sodkhana Pranayamoy until balance between breath and exhalation does not become automatic and easy. It is possible to pass to more irregular shapes of Pranayama only after that.