Abuse of alcoholic drinks - ALCOHOLISM
Society is interested in strengthening and blossoming of the family bringing joy and happiness to spouses and their children. In family initial moral positions of the child, its moral qualities are put. Forming of the personality is in many respects predetermined by family.
Original misfortune of family is alcoholism of one or several of her members. Abuse of alcoholic drinks not only worsens, but also destroys the family relations. Not accidentally alcoholism as the divorce reason in marriage is high on the list.
Throughout all history of mankind fight against alcoholism was conducted. "Prohibition" worked in many countries of Europe and America at the beginning of our century. Full prohibition of production and sale of alcoholic drinks usually brought success only at first, and moonshining, underground production of alcohol, sale of substitutes, speculation in alcoholic drinks prospered further. The number of poisonings has sharply increased. Therefore similar laws have been repealed. "Prohibition" existed also in our country.
In December, 1919 the special resolution of Council of People's Commissars of RSFSR signed by V. I. Lenin on prohibition in the territory of RSFSR of production and sale of alcohol, hard liquors and the alcohol-containing substances which are not relating to drinks was accepted. However moonshine remained very widespread alcoholic drink. In 1922 9400 cases of moonshining, in 1924 - 275 000 were revealed.
"Prohibition" as measure of fight against alcoholism was inefficient. It has forced to enter the state monopoly for vodka sale. Thus, fight against alcoholism cannot be reduced to administrative measures. It is multidimensional, complex problem which solution demands considerable strengthening of educational, cultural and mass work, the relevant economic and medical activities at all levels - state, public, intra family.
How this terrible defect strikes people?
Nasty household traditions with which we are not always at war at home, in family, on production became very harmful catalyst. The habit of any guest to meet by alcohol has strongly become usual. Not cup of coffee, not strong and tasty tea, and by all means vodka.
And not on special holidays when the wide feast naturally reflects kind line of our people - hospitality, hospitality, and in usual days. The companion - on table bottle has glanced on business, some urgent work - "event" has terminated is marked by binge. The award is got, purchase is made - it is necessary "to wash".
Since childhood child to all this witness. Having become the teenager, he hurries to adopt customs of adults rather.
From medical experience it is known that between household "harmless" alcoholism and chronic alcoholism (disease) there is no big distance. The amusing effect of alcoholic drinks most often is the cornerstone of household alcohol intake. Receptions of alcohol for "improvement of health", "calms of nerves", "for appetite", "not to lag behind the company", "for strengthening of sexual desire" are well-known not to break the developed family tradition", etc. Also it is taken such occasions two-three, and at desire more, in week.
I do not know from where also such custom has undertaken: the person goes on the vacation and does not think of himself without everyday binge. Let gradually, but if it is frequent, systematically is already trouble. And still unsafe - tradition: the use of alcoholic drinks at commission of different business operations, at business meetings. Considering that such meetings at business people happen much, it turns out that the businessman is forced within week, month several times to accept alcohol.
Addiction to alcohol is too often justified with need to be forgotten, to be consoled. But even this, granted by vodka, the state is deceptive. The dope passes, and the reason of dissatisfaction of grief and melancholy remains. Vodka does not return the lost love, does not enrich with missing knowledge, does not advance professionally, on the contrary, destroys existing. Vodka is capable to console and that for a while, only weak.
Here and there is dangerous accustoming to drink, such person yet not the adherent of "green serpent". But every portion of alcohol is and shot in heart, stomach and especially in brain. Alcohol is late in organism on average about two days, and in the central nervous system - even 15 days. The person two times a month "strong hot" has drunk, and the head "is shipped" in alcohol.
From similar "traditional", innocent binges to chronic alcoholism (illness) - one moreover and small, step. By medicine it is proved long ago that alcohol is harmful to organism in the most minimum doses. Any shot glass of alcohol superfluous, each drink advances the person at the corresponding size on the way of alcoholism - from the first stage to the second, from it - to the third.
At the same time what is drunk basic value has no. Of course, natural wines are less harmful to organism, but it is possible to become the drunkard, and then and the sick person - the alcoholic and with their help. In the people there is such saying: "Who drinks vodka - flies to grave on trotter who wine - trudges on thin jade, and drinking beer, home brew - catches up with them on foot". All question only in whether will be enough for the person of life to reach the finish.
Transformation of alcoholism in chronic alcoholism usually happens in two ways - increase of number of receptions of alcoholic drinks or the periodic use of high doses of alcohol to condition of the expressed intoxication. Sometimes under active influence of people around the drinking person manages to abstain some time from hard liquors. However soon he begins to drink again. At the same time quite often claims that it has enough will power at any time to finish alcoholism. But it, as a rule, cannot make because there has already come painful shift, the pathological inclination to alcohol was created.
In other cases when forming chronic alcoholism of similar primary pathological inclination to alcohol it is not observed. Such persons have no strong desire to drink. But at once after reception of small amount of alcohol they have aspiration to strengthen state of intoxication which seems to them insignificant. Deep intoxication of organism is reached by such way. "Inability to stop" is one of forms of secondary pathological inclination to alcohol.
Thus, emergence of addiction and thirst for alcoholic drinks, and also loss of ability to control quantity of drunk allow to diagnose the beginning of development of chronic alcoholism.
If alcoholism continues, there are new symptoms. The most constant of them is connected with change of sensitivity of organism to alcoholic drinks. It is shown in unpleasant, painful feelings next day after binge. Somehow to facilitate the state, the alcoholic resorts to alcohol again, begins "to freshen the nip". Sometimes the need for it arises in the second half of day, by the evening. Such symptoms hardly noticeable in the beginning as trembling of hands, the suppressed mood, alarm, bad dream, become more and more bright and long. With increase of expressiveness of syndrome of hangover the increasing doses of alcohol for its mitigation are required, and their action becomes shorter.
Eventually the alcoholic begins to freshen the nip not only in the mornings, but also in the afternoon. Nature of alcoholism changes, hard drinkings, more and more long begin. At the same time former gaiety gives way to malignancy, gloom, irritability, fault-finding. As a rule, the tendency to talk on subjects which can be unpleasant to people around, the importunate address with the same question, to some extent undesirable to someone from attendees, indispensable return to these questions, despite all attempts of the interlocutor to direct conversation to other bed is noted. At the same time there is always distinction between behavior of the alcoholic among house or close acquaintances where it is the most intolerable, and among strangers.
The alcoholic not only in state of intoxication, but also during the sobriety periods usually hard person in life - rough, cynical, whimsical. The picture is even more saddened by the fact that alcoholics are pathologically jealous. Unreasonable jealousy - the constant companion of alcoholism.
All know that the alcoholic is unreliable neither in work, nor in friendship, nor in family. It is impossible to rely on it: will bring, will deceive. It is greedy to wine, and all his behavior is defined only by one - to drink the increased "norm". It does not pass the provided opportunity, is inclined to force binges, and sitting at table, the first reaches for shot glass.
Already in initial stages of alcoholism the antisocial installations opening the road of impudence, to slander, hooliganism, and then - and to crime form. Forensic-psychiatric practice shows that moral degradation of alcoholics happens not at once, and gradually, at first sight, imperceptibly. We often do not see how the person working near us begins to drink, make quite often absences that quite often in the mornings he "morning after" also is not able to begin work. Occasionally we do not notice (or we try not to notice) that after the termination of the working day this person goes not home, and looks for the company in which could have a good time. Its personal interests gradually grow poor, it evades from public work, and it neither interests of labor collective, nor interests of family worry any more.
Each of the listed signs separately, really, can not cause alarms. But combined, they are already serious signal which it is necessary to react on.
Initial symptoms of alcoholism are not shown so early and with such brightness, as in the family relations anywhere. The wife, the husband, the family - the first who can and has to notice that the person close to them approaches dangerous side they is able to make a lot of things not to allow it to sweep on the inclined plane. It is necessary to sound alarm not when the husband or the wife have given up work long ago and roll under fence and when they "still merry fellows", constantly looking for occasion to drink.