Hygiene of clothes and footwear
In the modern realities specifying ways and methods of fight for the maximum satisfaction of material requirements of the people, the considerable attention is paid to increase in production, expansion of the range, improvement of quality of fabrics, skin and leather substitutes and finished products from them.
Clothes and footwear are necessary to us every day. They are necessities.
Creation beautiful, convenient and sanitarily rational clothes and footwear - complex challenge. Its successful implementation depends on high-organized modern industrial production and the close commonwealth in work of specialists chemists, technologists, textile workers, tanners, sewers, fashion artists and by all means doctors-hygienists.
In creation of the industrial textile and tanning industry in our country doctors have made considerable contribution. They develop the hygienic recommendations and standards directed to improvement of quality of materials and products from them taking into account physiological features of the person, its work and environmental conditions.
Throughout the history for production of clothes the mankind used materials of plant or animal origin. Prompt growth of the population and the increasing needs of people caused the necessity to increase production of textile and tanning products. As a result for the last 100-150 years there were essential shifts in world consumption of different type of fibers and fabrics. Less specific weight of production of wool and flax, but violently increases production of artificial and synthetic materials.
Today chemical fibers are widely used at manufacture of the most various fabrics, jersey.
Synthetics has come also to shoemakers.
Use of synthetic materials in the textile, tanning industry has also great economic value. So, work costs of receiving genuine leather and sewing from it 1 thousand pairs of shoes are equal about 35 000 man-hours, and on receiving imitation leather and production from it the same quantity of footwear 3500 man-hours are required, i.e. is 10 times less. Cost value of summer women's shoes from synthetic material is nearly 2,5 times lower, than from genuine leather.
Chemical materials and fibers allow to let out absolutely new goods: knitted products from volume yarn, stockings and socks from elastic, shoes, boots, boots and another with top from synthetic materials on easy microporous and kozhepodobny soles.
Film materials for footwear, and also synthetic furs and heat insulators have big perspective: lavsan, orlon, polyurethane foam (foam rubber). Now it is obvious that the total amount of synthetic and artificial fibers, their specific weight will steadily increase in our life. And already now there is possible solution of very important task - receiving fabrics (and consequently, and finished products from them) with new, predetermined properties.
Such very serious question as ensuring full compliance of clothes and footwear to esthetic and hygienic needs of the person also does not descend from the agenda. It is worth to remember that original high quality of objects of personal use is concluded in that they not only were pleasing to the eye, cultivated taste (that in itself important value has), but, the main thing, favored to life activity of organism and strengthening of our health.
Light industry is faced by task to constantly increase quality of textiles, jersey and footwear from natural and especially from the chemical fibers which are quite meeting needs of they are adult healthy people, children, elderly, and also those who have different diseases.
In this cycle of articles it is told about the main questions of hygiene of clothes and footwear from natural, artificial and synthetic materials.