Useful wild-growing plants
Let's pass to wild-growing plants, that is to those which are generously provided to us by the nature. Countrymen long since knew to them the price and skillfully disposed of this wealth. And pancakes for Maslenitsa were eaten not with caviar, and with chopped orach and nettle.
We already said that the orach has rescued millions of people from hunger. But addressed it not only in lean years. This unpretentious weed appearing everywhere where the person parts kitchen gardens - valuable plant. In swan there are a lot of vitamins (B1, V2, RR, K, E), especially vitamin C (about 150 mg of %). The orach is rich with chlorophyll, essential oil. It possesses strong vermifuge action, that is clears intestines. Cellulose, pectinaceous substances are found in swan. If to take the washed-out stalk of orach and to chew carefully 5-6 minutes, then in oral cavity fibrous substance is formed - it is and there is cellulose, or as it is called, "rough fibers". Considered twenty-thirty years ago that they ballast for organism. Now it is proved - the "rough fibers" which are not giving in to influence of digestive juice are necessary to absorb and bring different slags out of organism. Promoting normal activity of digestive tract (warning locks), "rough fibers" are of great importance for prevention of cancer of large intestine. Assume that they, absorbing the cancerogenic substances which are formed in the organism or getting to it with food bring them out of organism.
Here to you and orach! Whether and many of modern city dwellers know, what does she look like? When conducted survey of Muscovites and asked them when the last time they used orach in food, the answer was one: never. Someone was even indignant: "We are not cows to pass to pasture". No wonder therefore that even at the height of summer season citizens use greens and other wild-growing plants a little. What stirs them? Psychological barrier. If to collect young juicy escapes of orach, carefully to wash out them, to chop and use as gas station in mix with other types of greens, then such additive will pass imperceptibly, and the advantage will be considerable. And the psychological barrier to nonconventional food will be broken. It is possible to make soup from orach (having chopped it, to fill in with boiled water, to add salt and to bring to boiling), and on table to season with sour cream or milk.
The nettle on chemical composition is similar to orach. But unlike orach in nettle there is a lot of vitamin K possessing styptic property. The nettle should be used carefully in food of subjects who has increased coagulability of blood. Nettle leaves thanks to the maintenance of chlorophyll - excellent means for improvement of metabolism.
We approach nettle cautiously, she stings ruthlessly. Therefore it is better to cut off it upper escapes in gloves, and then to store one-two days in the refrigerator. After washing it loses property to sting, is easily crushed. To apply it, as well as orach, it is possible for gas station practically of all dishes. High content of vitamin C (about 150 mg of %) does it in the early spring by irreplaceable additive in salads and soups. It is possible to prepare with nettle and flat cakes, that is to revive national way of preparation of bread with additives of orach and nettle.
Clover meadow - perennial grassy plant. It contains vitamins and coumarins (the substance possessing powerful vermifuge action). Experiences on monkeys have shown that the clover clears intestines more effectively, than all chemical preparations. Clover - the good melliferous herb, in it is a lot of essential oils. In food it is possible to use both flowers, and stalk with leaflets.
Coltsfoot - grassy plant. Its leaves slightly taste bitter therefore they are mixed with other types of greens. Coltsfoot is on sale in drugstores as herb, but from early spring to fall leaves can be used as food raw materials. They are washed out, cut straws and given with traditional garnishes. Infusions from leaves with honey additives - good tonic. Coltsfoot can be used for preparation of sweet make-ready (to mix the crushed mix of leaves with jam or jam).
Plantain big - perennial grassy plant. Grows practically across all territory of Russia. Leaves are rich with carotene, vitamins. The plantain served as additive to different foods in national kitchen. It can be dried for the winter and to use as usual dry greens. The plantain is recommended to those who suffers from locks, it can be applied as lining at preparation of vegetable sandwiches. For example, on the washed-up leaf of plantain to put carrots slice, and from above - the cheese piece decorated with greens. Small chopped leaves mix with egg and milk mix, bring to boiling and give in the form of egg squash.