DIET AT GOUT
Violation of exchange of purines, it in turn is the cornerstone of this disease, leads to increase in uric acid in blood and to adjournment of urates in different joints. The started gout can make adverse effect on kidneys and afterwards leads to obesity. Gout is not the alimentary disease (caused by excess consumption of feedstuffs), but despite it, in food it is necessary to limit purines.
The following products are the richest in purines: sardines, sprats and other fish canned food, herring, game, fish, meat, meat offal (language, kidneys, liver and brain). It is worth remembering that meat of young people, in comparison with adults, contains much more purines.
Among vegetable products are rich with purines: fig, raspberry, peanut, sorrel, spinach, cauliflower, mushrooms and bean. Also, there is a lot of purines in yeast, chocolate, cocoa, tea and coffee. And here dairy products, grain, bread, eggs and the majority of berries, fruit and vegetables, practically do not contain purines.
Most often treatment of gout assumes diet No. 6 which includes minimum of proteins, due to restriction of the use of fish, bean and meat products. During observance of this diet, animal protein has to make half from total quantity of proteins. Also, it is necessary to reduce considerably the use of refractory fats, that is culinary, pork, beef and mutton as they considerably slow down release of uric acid kidneys. The use melted and butter is recommended.
The diet at gout includes restriction and shchavelny acid. Fish and meat it is necessary to use not more often than three weekly, but only in boiled look. All the matter is that when cooking more than fifty percent of purines leave on broth. In this regard during observance of such diet the use of mushroom, fish and meat broths and sauces is forbidden.
If there are no problems with kidneys and is warm - vascular system, then it is desirable to use not less than two liters of water for day. Throughout diet, it is recommended to use different juice of vegetables and fruits, ideally citrus, alkaline mineral waters, dairy drinks and milk, rather weak tea. Two hundred grams of milk or tea need to be drunk every day before going to bed. Not to increase pain, it is necessary to refuse the use of coffee and strong tea.
If during diet the plentiful use of liquid is very useful, then the excessive use of table salt on the contrary. All the matter is that at gout, it can lead to loss of urates in deposit and to their accumulation in different body tissues. Table salt needs to be reduced to six grams a day in order that to achieve it, it is necessary to use sausage, salty vegetables and salty fish in small amounts. Ideal option, the use of the salted insufficiently or not so salty food is considered. During observance of diet it is necessary to include the products rich with vitamin C and B1 in the menu.
Also, also fasting days are useful (1-2 days irrespective of body weight). During fasting days it is necessary to use dairy products, juice, vegetables, fruit and berries. In day it is necessary to drink not less than two liters of water.
At gout starvation is strictly forbidden. All the matter is that during starvation, as a result of protein disintegration the level of uric acid considerably increases. For the people having gout it there is forbidden single meal rich with purines and of course, drinks which contain alcohol in the structure. Non-compliance with above-mentioned rules, can provoke and aggravate illness.
Thus, at this disease the diet which has vegetarian character is recommended. Here for example, in the countries where practically do not use some meat, and eat exclusively vegetable food, this disease is almost unknown.
If during gout obesity is observed, then food is based on the basis of diet и№8 which cornerstone restriction of fish and meat is, and here the use of cottage cheese, fermented milk products and drinks considerably increases. If in certain treatment-and-prophylactic establishment the diet No. 6 is not provided, sharpening all appoint diet No. 5 which cornerstone restriction of fish and meat products is.
It is worth remembering that observance only of one diet in fight against gout is not enough. Different physical activities are necessary for treatment. All the matter is that in constantly working and mobile joints of salt are postponed much less often, than in motionless.
During fight against gout patients have to have motto:
It is worth knowing that products which comprise small amount of purines may contain substances which are contraindicated for those who have this disease, for example - saturated fatty acids and carbohydrates which are easily acquired by organism. It is desirable to do about five meals a day.
|Freshly squeezed berry and fruit juice, it is desirable grape, cranberry, cowberry and citrus only if sugar level in blood is normal||Compote from dogrose, no more than two liters a day|
|Vegetable and butter. To pay special attention to linseed and olive oil||Groat flour products. But you should not lean at once on cakes, cakes and cookies as they contain a lot of sugar, and a lot of uric acid in organism as a result can appear|
|Cheese. But it is worth stopping the choice on low-fat grades as fat grades break lipidic exchange||Nuts (filbert, pistachios, almonds, avocado, pine nuts)|
|Vegetables (onions, beet, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, potatoes)||Milk and fermented milk products|
|Vegetables (garden radish, cauliflower, celery, sorrel, spinach)||All types of salts|
|Different pickles||Boiled meat and boiled fish (it is desirable to use trout, haddock, vakhnyu, salmon, poultry|
|Alcoholic beverages, including beer and wine||Fried meat and fish|
|Spices, except for vinegar and bay leaf||Fish and canned meat|
|Hot spices||Meat extracts||Smoked products||Different offal|
Approximate menu per day
It is worth remembering that gout is disease incurable. Observance of above-mentioned diet will only reduce all symptoms to minimum, and will help to interfere with exacerbation of disease. Ideal option will be with the healthy and balanced nutrition to pass complex therapy which includes reception of medicamentous preparations and various physioprocedures in complex.